Experience

    • The United Nations in Brzak v. United Nations, successfully asserting its rights under the Convention on the Privileges and Immunities of the United Nations and corresponding U.S. law; obtaining dismissal of suit filed in the Southern District of New York against the Organization and several employees; successfully defending the appeal to the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit; and successfully opposing the petition for certiorari to the United States Supreme Court.
    • The European Commission as amicus curiae in Sosa v. Alvarez-Machain, in which the EC urged the U.S. Supreme Court to take a rigorous international law approach to the Alien Tort Statute.
    • The United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights as amicus curiae before the U.S. Supreme Court in Boumediene v. Bush and Al Odah v. United States, arguing that the continued detention of prisoners at Guantánamo Bay and the procedures of the military tribunals established to try those prisoners breached the international treaty obligations of the United States.
    • A group of negotiators of and experts on the Chemical Weapons Convention as amici curiae in Bond v. United States, in which the U.S. Supreme Court is now considering a constitutional challenge to the federal statute implementing the Convention.
    • The Finnish manufacturer Oy Metsä- Botnia AB in connection with the Case Concerning Pulp Mills on the River Uruguay (Arg. v. Uru.) in the International Court of Justice, which concerned Botnia’s project in Uruguay.
    • Tethyan Copper Company Pty Limited in simultaneous arbitrations asserting investment treaty and contract claims against the Islamic Republic of Pakistan and the Pakistani province of Balochistan, respectively.
    • The Swiss manufacturer Holcim Ltd. in its ICSID proceeding against the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela under a bilateral investment treaty for the expropriation of its Venezuelan subsidiary, in which Holcim recovered some US$650 million.
    • The lead claimant in Reineccius v. Bank for International Settlements, in which a five-member tribunal constituted under the 1930 Hague Agreement awarded private shareholders some US$500 million after holding that the Bank had inadequately compensated those shareholders for their compulsorily withdrawn shares.
    • Pueblo Viejo Dominicana Corporation (jointly owned by Barrick Gold and Goldcorp) in a dispute with the Government of the Dominican Republic regarding the Pueblo Viejo mine, the largest foreign investment in the Dominican Republic.
    • The Government of Ghana in proceedings in the U.S. District Court in Washington, DC, arising under the New York Convention and in related arbitrations.
    • The U.S. insurance company CIGNA Worldwide in pursuing contempt proceedings, including an appeal before the Third Circuit, arising from a U.S. antisuit injunction and raising issues under the Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act and of individual sovereign immunity.
    • The Brazilian airline VRG before the Second Circuit in an appeal from an order denying enforcement of a Brazilian arbitration award and raising issues under the New York Convention and U.S. arbitration law.
    • The Governments of Mexico (Avena), the Federal Republic of Germany (LaGrand), and Paraguay (Case Concerning Vienna Convention on Consular Relations) in proceedings against the United States in the International Court of Justice arising under the Vienna Convention on Consular Relations.
    • The petitioner in Medellín v. Texas and Medellín v. Dretke, in which the U.S. Supreme Court addressed the U.S. constitutional issues arising from the President’s and individual Mexican nationals’ efforts to enforce the ICJ judgment in Avena.

Education

  • Stanford Law School, 1981, J.D.
  • University of Virginia, 1977, B.A.

Languages

  • English