German Cartel Office Imposed a €4.5 Million Fine on Mars, Inc. for Premature Consummation of a Merger ("Gun-Jumping") - EU Authorities Step Up Enforcement Activities

26 January 2009
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This client memo discusses a recent European enforcement, which provides an important reminder that parties to a notifiable transaction, must observe waiting periods before closing the transaction and maintain their status as independent market actors prior to clearance.